Bilateral Exchanges with Madagascar
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India has had maritime links with Madagascar for several centuries and visits to Madagascar and settlements of Indian merchants in Madagascar date at least to the late eighteenth century. The late nineteenth century and early years of the twentieth century witnessed a steady increase in the number of persons from India in Madagascar and persons of Indian origin began to play a significant role in business. India opened a Consulate General in Antananarivo in 1954 making 2014, the diamond jubilee year of diplomatic ties between India and Madagascar. Upon Madagascar gaining independence in 1960, the Consulate General was up-graded to an Embassy. Madagascar experienced political crisis in 2009. The transitional government was not recognized by the international community. The general elections were subsequently held in December 2013 and Mr. Hery Martial Rajaonarimampianina was elected as President and assumed office on 25 January 2014. A government with 31-member Council of Ministers under Dr. Roger Christophe Laurent Kolo, Prime Minister was appointed on 18 April 2014. The international community formally recognized the government in May 2014.

India and Madagascar enjoy cordial bilateral relations.  Madagascar has been supportive of India’s demand for Permanent Membership of UNSC and G-4 initiative for Expansion of the UNSC with Brazil, Indian, Germany and Japan as new Permanent Members. Madagascar has also supported India’s candidatures in various UN and other international bodies.

While no high level visits between India and Madagascar have taken place following the political crisis in 2009, visits from Madagascar to India at various official levels are taking place at periodic intervals.

A list of high-level bilateral visits that have taken place so far is as follows:

 Visits from Madagascar


Sl. No.

Name of the Visitor

Date of visit

Purpose

1.

Mr. Didier Ratsiraka, President

1980

Bilateral

2.

Mr. Didier Ratsiraka, President

1983

To participate in NAM Summit

3.

Malagasy Parliamentary delegation

2000

Bilateral

4

Mr. Lila Hanitra  Ratsifandrihamanana,

Foreign Minister

2001

Bilateral

5.

Mr. Marcel Ranjeva, Foreign Minister

2005

Bilateral discussions

6.

Chief of Staff to the President

Feb 2006

Bilateral

7.

Mr. Marius Ratolojanahary,

Minister for Agriculture

Jul 2007

Bilateral discussions on Agricultural matters

8.

Mr. Ivohasina Razafimahefa,

Minister for Economy, Commerce and Industry;  and

Mr. Marius Ratolojanahary,

Minister for Agriculture

Mar 2008

To participate in CII organized India Africa Project Partnership Conclave

9.

Mr. Marius Ratolojanahary,

Minister for Agriculture

Nov 2008

To sign LOC Agreement with EXIM Bank

10.

Mr. Pierrot J. Rajaonarivelo,

Minister of Foreign Affairs

Nov 2012

To participate in the IOR-ARC Ministerial Meeting. Also met MoC Mrs. D. Purandeshwari

 Visits from India

Sl. No.

Name of the Visitor

Date of visit

Purpose

1.

Shri P.A. Sangma,

Minister of State for Commerce

1985

Bilateral

2.

Shri Hari Kishore Singh,

External Affairs Minister

1990

Bilateral


Visits from Madagascar at official level:

A three member delegation led by Mr. Stelanony Hery Ainamalala, Chief of Staff to the Ministry of Agriculture  with Mr. Ramboarivelo Andrianantenaina Jocelyn Willy, Chief of Staff of the Ministry of Commerce, and  Mr Ralijaona Jean Yves, Director General of Fuelstock Madagascar participated in the FICCI Africa AgriBusiness Forum from 4 to 6 February   2014

A two member defence delegation comprising   Major General (Mr.) ANDRIAMAHARO Claris Rodolphe, Secretary General, Ministry of Armed Forces, Government of Madagascar, and    Brigadier General (Mr.) RANDRIAMAHAVALISOA RAZAFINDRAMAITSO Girard, Chief of Staff, The Nationale Gendarmerie, Government of Madagascar attended the Defence Expo 2014 in Delhi from  6 to 9 February 2014

 A Malagasy delegation led by the Secretary General of Ministry of Commerce, Irimanana Emilson Eninkaja and the Deputy Director in charge of Economy and Industry, Noroseheno Raharinjatovo participated in the 10th CII-EXIM Bank Conclave on India Africa Project Partnership, which took place from 9 to 11 March, 2014 in New Delhi.

Two young Parliamentarians from Madagascar, namely, Mrs. Voahanginiaina Raharimanarivo and Mrs. Naharimamy Lucien Imrah, participated in the Leaders of Future Programme from 8 to 16 March 2014 organized by the XP Division of the Ministry under the Leaders of Future Programme.

Mr. Armel Pierre Voavy, Director of Transport, Maritime and Waterways, Government of Madagascar participated in the Indian Ocean Dialogue Track 1.5 event from 5-7 September 2014, at Kochi, Kerala organized by the Observer Research Foundation (ORF).

Madame Oscar Irene, Director General, Promotion of Right and Social Equity, Madame Rakotomalala Mirana Robiarisoa, Director, Social Security of the Population, Ministry of Population, Social Protection and Women Promotion participated in Workshop on Women Empowerment and Poverty Alleviation 17-19 September 2014 in Hyderabad, organized by the Observer Research Foundation (ORF).

Ship VisitsThe Indian Naval Ship (INS) “Mumbai” paid a four day goodwill visit to Port Toamasina from 9th to 12th September 2006. The Indian Coast Guard Ship ICGS “Samar” visited Diego Suarez Port in August 2007.  The INS “Talwar” visited Diego Suarez for four days from 24th to 28th August 2008. Four Indian Naval Ships, namely, INS Mumbai, INS Talwar, INS Teg and INS Deepak made a port call at Antsiranana, Madagascar from 9 to 12 October 2014.

 

Bilateral Developmental Cooperation: Government of India had extended a concessional Line of Credit of US$ 25 million to Madagascar for raising productivity of rice and setting up of fertilizer plants which had enhanced India’s image in Madagascar. The Malagasy Minister of Agriculture, Mr. Marius Ratolojanahary, signed an agreement in this regard in New Delhi in 2008 with EXIM Bank of India. The implementation of project was delayed due to political and economic situation in the country. After a new government headed by President Hery Rajaonarimampianina came to power in April 2014, an audit on the fertilizer equipment was conducted. The consignment, which was lying unreleased at the Tamatave Port, is now being released by the Malagasy authorities and will be transported to six different locations within Madagascar. A 5-member Technical and Management Team from the supplier visited Madagascar in December 2014 to assist the officials/technicians of the Malagasy Ministry of Agriculture.

Aid Assistance: The Government of India provided cash assistance of US$100,000/- to Madagascar as disaster relief for damages caused due to the tropical cyclone ‘Haruna’ in early 2013.

Capacity Building Programme: As part of South-South Cooperation, India’s focus has been on capacity building including training in highly skilled/technical fields through courses which are offered under ITEC and India Africa Forum Summit Scholarships, which has been widely appreciated by the local population. Two defence slots have also been sanctioned under ITEC which are being utilized by both Malagasy army and navy personnel.

 

The utilization of the above scholarships are as per the detailed chart below:


No

Training programme/

Scholarship

Year (allotted and utilized)

2012-13

2013-14

2014-to date

Allotted

Utilized

Allotted

Utilized

Allotted

Utilized

1.

ITEC

80

82

90

90

80

50

2.

IAFS-II

-

16

-

09

--

 

3.

CV Raman

-

03

-

08

--

--

4.

FSI Course

-

-

-

03

-

-

5.

ICCR General scholarship

10

-

10

-

10

10

 

In addition to the above, 2 Malagasy journalists participated in the training programme for Young Journalists from Africa during 13-27 September 2014 in New Delhi; organized by the XP Division of the Ministry of External Affairs, Government of India.

Madagascar is a beneficiary of the Pan African e-network project, which has been extended till 2016. Tele-education facilities offered in collaboration with Imailaka University have benefitted 228 students since the start of the project. 32 students have successfully completed their education till date. 22 students have joined Amity University for July 2014 Session and regular classes are being held at the Local Learning Centre (LC). Tele-medicine facilities are also being offered in collaboration with a local clinic, the Institute Médicale de Madagascar (IMM) and free consultations and diagnosis are being given to the Malagasy patients since 2010 from top Hospitals in India. In all, 109 telemedicine consultations have been arranged since beginning of the project and twelve patients have undergone treatment in India using the tele-medicine facility of the project.

An Indian Institute of Foreign Trade (IIFT) Team visited Madagascar to conduct a 5-day workshop from February 24-28 2014 on Executive Management Programme for a targeted group in collaboration with the Malagasy Ministry of Trade and the Chamber of Commerce, EDBM (Economic Development Board of Madagascar) and ITBM (International Trade Board of Madagascar). According to the feedback received, the local private sector highly appreciated the first ever training programme organized by India and requested continuation of such trainings.

 




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